of a "full" coat of arms
of a gentleman or knight.
The most basic part of armorial bearings. (See
History of Heraldry.)
A stylized scroll, usually below the shield, containing the motto of
the individual or family.
A stylized rendering of a knight's mantle/cape, typically (but not
always) depicted shredded as if it had been shredded in battle.
Deriving from the martial origins of heraldry in the Roman Empire
and the middle ages, in some national customs, it denotes the rank of
the individual. In other national customs, it is purely symbolic, the
design being chosen for artistic purposes, but still within historic
customs of heraldry.
A wreath of two twisted pieces of cloth or ribbon in the knight's
primary colors. The torse (also sometimes called a wreath) can sit
atop a helm or directly on the shield if the helm is not used.
Sometimes instead of a torse is used a simple coronet of three leaves
or a chapeau, a red cap with ermine lining.
An additional symbol particular to the individual or family. It must
always "issue," or proceed from a torse, a simple coronet,
or a chapeau. Sometimes the crest and shield are used together
without additional embellishment. Sometimes the crest is used by
itself as a symbolic representation of the individual or family.
of a simple depiction with only shield and crest.
Often animals, supporters are seen frequently in the arms of persons
of high rank. They "support" the shield and draw attention
to it. Supporters are a form of heraldic embellishment that developed
as the art and science of heraldry evolved over time.
Supporters must stand on something. Often this is a compartment, or
depiction of a piece of turf. Sometimes it is scrollwork referred to
as a gaslight fixture or "lower mantling."
Crowns refer to the rank of royals or nobles. In Britain, it is
called a coronet instead of a crown except for the sovereign. In Holy
Roman Empire and general continental usage, the crowns of nobles are
typically jeweled, while those of British nobles are unjeweled.
British noble coronets have a red cap of maintenance (a velvet cap),
while in the continental systems, the cap of maintenance is not used
except by some princes and, in France, by Peers of France. The style
of crowns and coronets, as well as the rules governing their use,
varies from nation to nation. Americans and others resident in
Republics who are entitled to the use of a crown or coronet do so in
accordance with the rules and customs of the country of origin of
full coat of arms of a titled nobleman.
simplified version of a titled nobleman's arms.
AND PAVILION: The mantle (not to be confused with mantling) is an
heraldic embellishment that appears as a robe of estate (almost
always red with ermine fur lining). Sitting on top of the mantle is
the individual or family's crown of rank. A pavilion is generally
limited to royalty, though sometimes used by serene princes. It is a
dome-like structure that sits at the top of the mantle, with the
crown on top of the pavilion. Pavilions originally were the tents set
up on a field for royals and nobles. The heraldic representation
evolved from this original practical use. Imperial mantles pavilions
are often gold rather than red. Mantles and pavilions are generally
usually only used in the most formal and important of situations and
are typically found to be impractical for common use.
achievement of arms of the House of Thurn und Taxis
Full achievement of arms of the House
Full achievement of arms of the Kingdom of Saxony